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Dimension 3

Upper Coomera State College (UCSC) continues to support its students through the use of dimension three - extending and refining knowledge. 

Within this part of the framework there are eight complex reasoning processes. This allows students to build on the knowledge they have acquired and start to use it. It is not enough to simply ask students questions, or give them assignments that require these skills. Teachers need to explicitly teach the students so they can learn and succeed.

  • Comparing: Identifying and articulating similarities and differences among items.

  • Classifying: Grouping things into definable categories on the basis of their attributes.

  • Abstracting: Identifying and articulating the underlying theme or general pattern of information.

  • Inductive reasoning: Inferring unknown generalizations or principles from information or observations.

  • Deductive reasoning: Using generalizations and principles to infer unstated conclusions about specific information or situations.

  • Constructing support: Building systems of support for assertions.

  • Analysing errors: Identifying and articulating errors in thinking.

  • Analysing perspectives: Identifying multiple perspectives on an issue and examining the reasons or logic behind each.

We use these processes every day without even thinking about it. We compare things. We draw conclusions inductively. We have casual conversations, all the time identifying and analysing their points of view. When a teacher requires students to use these processes to extend and refine their knowledge, they must teach the steps involved in the processes so that students use them deliberately and effectively.

Adapted from Marzano, Pickering et al., 2006, Dimensions of Learning.