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Dimension 2

Helping students acquire and integrate new knowledge is another important aspect of learning at Upper Coomera State College (UCSC).

When students are learning new information, they must be guided in relating the new knowledge to what they already know, organizing that information, and then making it part of their long-term memory. When students are acquiring new skills and processes, they must learn a model (or set of steps), then shape the skill or process to make it efficient and effective for them, and, finally, internalize or practice the skill or process so they can perform it easily.

Dimension 2, acquire and integrate knowledge, focuses on ways to help students acquire and retain new knowledge. In order for students to become effective learners, they must focus on the acquisition of information as well as the ability to retrieve and reconstruct that information as needed.

In Dimension 2, there are two clearly identified types of knowledge: ‘Declarative’ and ‘Procedural’ knowledge. Declarative knowledge includes facts and concepts, whereas procedural knowledge explores skills and processes.

Through the explicit teaching of DoL 2 ‘Declarative knowledge’ teachers at UCSC aim to:

  • help students understand what it means to construct meaning

  • help students experience content using a variety of senses

  • create opportunities for students to discover new information for themselves

  • use instructional techniques that provide students with strategies to use before, during and after they receive information

  • help students understand the importance of organising information

  • provide note-taking strategies

  • help students understand the process of storing information.

Through the explicit teaching of DoL 2 ‘Procedural knowledge’ teachers at UCSC aim to:

  • help students understand the importance of constructing models for procedural knowledge

  • use a think-aloud process to demonstrate a new skill or process

  • teach students to mentally rehearse the steps involved in a skill or process

  • demonstrate and create opportunities for students to practice using the important variations of the skills and processes

  • help students set up a practice schedule

  • help students chart and report on their progress when practicing skills and processes.elp students chart and report on their progress when practicing skills and processes.